The Intihuatana ("tie the sun") is believed to have been designed as an astronomic clock by the Incas
It is thought that the site was chosen for its unique location and geological features. It is said that the silhouette of the mountain range behind Machu Picchu represents the face of the Inca looking upward towards the sky, with the largest peak, Huayna Picchu (meaning Young Peak), representing his pierced nose.
In 1913, the site received significant publicity after the National Geographic Society devoted their entire April issue to
Machu Picchu is
From the top, at the cliff of
In 1981 an area of 325.92 square kilometres surrounding