domingo, 2 de setembro de 2007

Rio de Janeiro

Rio de Janeiro, Portuguese for "River of January"; is the name of both a state and a city in southeastern Brazil. The city was the capital of Brazil (1763-1960) and of the Portuguese Empire (1808-1821). Commonly known as just Rio (particularly in English and by its inhabitants), the city is also nicknamed A Cidade Maravilhosa - "The Marvelous City".

It is famous for its spectacular natural setting, its Carnival celebrations, samba and other music, hotel-lined tourist beaches, such as Copacabana, Ipanema, and Leblon and pavements decorated with black and cream swirl pattern mosaics. Some of the most famous local landmarks in addition to the beaches include the giant statue of Jesus, known as Christ the Redeemer atop Corcovado mountain; Sugarloaf mountain (Pão de Açúcar) with its cable car; the Sambódromo, a giant permanent parade stand used during Carnival; and Maracanã stadium, one of the world's largest. Rio also boasts the world's largest forest inside an urban area, called Tijuca Forest'.

Rio de Janeiro is located at 22 degrees, 54 minutes south latitude, 43 degrees 14 minutes west longitude (22°54′S 43°14′W). The population of the City of Rio de Janeiro is about 6,094,183 (2005 IBGE estimate), occupying an area of 1182.3 km² (456.5 mi²). The larger metropolitan area population is estimated at 11-12 million. It is Brazil's second-largest city after São Paulo and was the country's capital until 1960, when Brasília took its place. Residents of the city are known as Cariocas. The city's current mayor (2007) is Cesar Maia. The official song of Rio is "Cidade Maravilhosa."

( Adapted from www.wikipedia.org)

1- Responda as perguntas relacionadas ao texto em português:

a)Qual o período que o Rio foi a capital do Brasil? _______________________________

b) Qual a área territorial da cidade? __________________________________________

c) Qual o nome da maior floresta urbana do mundo Rio? __________________________

d) Qual é a população do Rio?________________________________________________

e) Quem é seu atual prefeito? ________________________________________________

f) Qual é a latitude?________________________________________________________

g) Qual é a longitude?______________________________________________________

h) Qual é o hino oficial da cidade? ____________________________________________

i) Em que ano foi estimada a população do Rio?__________________________________

j) Qual é a população estimada da região metropolitana? ___________________________

k) Como é decorado os calçadões das praias cariocas? ___________________________

2- Encontre no texto as expressões abaixo em inglês:

a) atual prefeito___________________________________________________________

b) cidade maravilhosa _____________________________________________________

c) maior floresta do mundo _________________________________________________

d) segunda maior cidade __________________________________________________

e) sudeste do Brasil ______________________________________________________

f) Cristo redentor_________________________________________________________

g) Estátua gigante ________________________________________________________

h) bondinho _____________________________________________________________

3- Classifique as palavras dos grupos nominais como núcleo ( N ) ou modificadores (M) :

a) black and cream swirl pattern mosaics_______________________________________

b) Brazils second-largest city________________________________________________

c) giant permanent parade stand ______________________________________________

d) Portuguese Empire______________________________________________________

e) spectacular natural setting_________________________________________________

f) hotel-lined tourist beaches ________________________________________________

g) The official song ________________________________________________________

h) cable car ____________________________________________________________


4- Encontre no texto quatro cognatos perfeitos:

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