Barack Hussein Obama was born in August 4, 1961. He is the United States Senator from IllinoisDemocratic nomination in the 2008 U.S. presidential election.
Born to a black Kenyan father and a white American mother, he lived most of his childhood in Honolulu, Hawaii. From ages six to ten, he lived in Jakarta with his mother and IndonesianColumbia University and Harvard Law School, Obama worked as a community organizer, university lecturer, and civil rights lawyer before running for public office and serving in the Illinois Senate from 1997 to 2004. After an unsuccessful bid for a seat in the U.S. House of Representatives in 2000, he announced his campaign for U.S. Senate in 2003.
The following year, while still an Illinois state legislator, Obama delivered the keynote address at the 2004 Democratic National Convention. He was elected to the U.S. Senate in November 2004 with 70% of the vote. As a member of the Democratic minority in the 109th Congress, he co-sponsored bipartisan legislation for controlling conventional weapons and for promoting greater public accountability in the use of federal funds. He also made official trips to Eastern Europe, the Middle East, and Africa. In the current 110th Congress, he has sponsored legislation on lobbying and electoral fraud, climate change, nuclear terrorism, and care for returned U.S. military personnel.
During an October 2004 debate, Obama said that he opposed education vouchers for use at private schools because he believes they would undermine public schools.
In a July 2007 address to the National Education Association, Obama supported merit pay for teachers, to be based on standards to be developed “with teachers.” Obama also called for higher pay for teachers. Obama’s plan is estimated to cost $18 billion annually and would be partially funded by cutting funding to NASA. The bulk of the cuts would be derived from delaying the Constellation program for five years.
Obama and other Senators introduced the BioFuels Security Act in 2007. “It’s time for Congress to realize what farmers in America’s heartland have known all along - that we have the capacity and ingenuity to decrease our dependence on foreign oil by growing our own fuel,” Obama said. In a May 2006 letter to President Bush, he joined four other midwest farming state Senators in calling for the preservation of a $0.54-per-gallon tariff on imported ethanol.
Senator Obama was an early opponent of Bush administration policies on Iraq, when other Democratic leaders supported the legislation that led to the war. Obama was not in the United States Senate, and was therefore unable to vote during the Iraq Resolution of 11 October 2002, authorizing the use of force against Iraq.
1- Reponda em português as perguntas abaixo relacionadas ao texto:
a) Qual a nacionalidade dos pais de Obama?___________________________________
b) Qual a opinião do senador sobre a guerra no Iraque?___________________________
c) O que ele fez entre 1997 e 2004?_________________________________________
d) Em que ano ele foi derrotado nas eleições para o legislativo?______________________
e) Que estado ele representa no senado?_____________________________________
f) Que tipo de investimento Obama quis fazer na educação?________________________
g) Com que proporção ele foi eleito ao senado?__________________________________
h) Em que país ele morou quando criança?____________________________________
i) Qual era sua idade quando morou lá?_______________________________________
j) Quais os principais assuntos em seus discursos no senado?________________________
k) O quem a quantia de $ 0,54 representa no texto?______________________________
2- Escreva com suas próprias palavras o significado das expressões abaixo:
a) middle East________________________________________________________
c) presidential election__________________________________________________
d) civil rights________________________________________________________
e) climate change_____________________________________________________
f) House of Representatives______________________________________________
g) Democratic nomination_______________________________________________
3- Escreva abaixo as palavras que você considera cognatas:
4- Quais as principais estratégias de leitura que você pode perceber no texto?
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