Leia o texto usando as estratégias de leitura, em seguida responda as questões abaixo:
The Grand Canyon
The Grand Canyon is a very colorful, steep-sided gorge, carved by the Colorado River, in the U.S.Arizona. It is largely contained within the Grand Canyon National Park — one of the first national parks in the United States. President Theodore Roosevelt was a major proponent of the Grand Canyon area, visiting on numerous occasions to hunt and enjoy the scenery.
The canyon, created by the Colorado River cutting a channel over millions of years, is about 277 miles (446 km) long, ranges in width from 0.4 to 24 kilometers, and attains a depth of more than a mile (1.6 km). Nearly two billion years of the Earth's history has been exposed as the Colorado River and its tributaries cut through layer after layer of sediment as the Colorado Plateaus have uplifted.
The first recorded sighting of the Grand Canyon by a European was in 1540, García López de Cárdenas from Spain. The Grand Canyon was largely unknown until after the U.S. Civil War. In 1869, Major John Wesley Powell, a one-armed Civil War veteran with a thirst for science and adventure, made a pioneering journey through the canyon on the Colorado River. He accomplished this with nine men in four small wooden boats, though only six men completed the journey. His party was, as far as we know, the first ever to make such a trip. Powell referred to the sedimentary rockNative Americans who built settlements within the canyon walls and its many caves.
The Grand Canyon is a massive — in places over 1609 meters deep long rift in the Colorado Plateau that exposes uplifted Proterozoic and Paleozoic strata. The Grand Canyon is unmatched throughout the world for the vistas it offers to visitors on the rim. It is not the deepest canyon in the world. Both the Barranca del Cobre in northern Mexico and Hell's Canyon in Idaho are deeper. But Grand Canyon is known for its overwhelming size and its intricate and colorful landscape. Geologically it is significant because of the thick sequence of ancient rocks that are beautifully preserved and exposed in the walls of the canyon. These rock layers record much of the early geologic history of the North American continent. Grand Canyon is also one of the most spectacular examples of natural erosion in the world.
Source: http://www.wikipedia.org/ – access in June 2007.
1- De acordo com o contexto, indique o significado que mais apropriado para a palavra destacada na frase a seguir: state of units exposed in the canyon as "leaves in a great story book". Long before that, the area was inhabited by
President Theodore Roosevelt was a major proponent of the Grand Canyon area.
a. ( ) Único
b. ( ) Principal
c. ( ) Mentor
d. ( ) Grande
e. ( ) Maior
2- Leia as afirmações abaixo e assinale a alternativa correta:
I- A região era habitada por índios.
II- O Grand Canyon é importante por possuir formação rochosa antiga.
III-Nas paredes rochosas há registro da pré-história americana.
IV- O Grand Canyon é o maior desfiladeiro do mundo
a. ( ) Somente I e IV estão corretas
b. ( ) II e III estão corretas
c. ( ) Somente a IV está correta
d. ( ) Somente II e IV estão corretas
e. ( ) I, II e III estão corretas
3- Assinale a alternativa onde há um falso cognato:
a. ( ) Erosion
b. ( ) Rim
c. ( ) Sequence
d. ( ) Grand
e. ( ) Occasions
4- De acordo com a estrutura de frases em inglês, observe as orações abaixo e assinale a alternativa correta:
I- He accomplished this with nine men in four small wooden boats.
II- Three men did not completed the journey
III- The sedimentary rock units exposed in the canyon as "leaves in a great story book".
a. ( ) Somente I e III estão corretas
b. ( ) Somente II está correta
c. ( ) Todas estão corretas
d. ( ) Somente I está correta
e. ( ) Somente III está correta