Haiti officially the Republic of Haiti is a country on the Caribbean island of Hispaniola; the other country on the island is the Dominican Republic. There are two official languages: French and Haitian Creole. The capital city of Haiti is Port-au-Prince.
It has a tropical climate, and is called “The pearl of the Antilles”, because of its natural beauty. It is very mountainous, but is no longer covered with forests, as it once was. It is the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere. Haiti is divided into ten departments. There are two official languages, French and Haitian creole. The main religion is Roman Catholic, however Voodoo, derived from African folk beliefs in Benin, is still widely practiced also. There are many holidays; the largest and most important is the Mardi Gras ( The Haitian Carnival).
Haiti has a total area of 27,750 km²; most of it is in the western third of the Hispaniola island and the rest are smaller islands that are near the Haitian coast. There are many mountains in Haiti, with only some coastal plains and few valleys; the largest valley is the Cul-de-Sac, where Port-au-Prince is found, in its western end. The main Haitian river is the Artibonite, which is also the longest of the Hispaniola. The biggest city is Port-au-Prince with more than 3 millions of inhabitants in its metropolitan area; Haiti has a tropical weather. The rain season is from April to June and from October to November. Tropical cyclones are common during summer and made a lot of damage and many people die.
On January 12, 2010, at 21:53, the island was struck by a magnitude-7.0 earthquake, the country's most severe earthquake in the past 200 years. The epicenter of the quake was just outside the Haitian capital Port-au-Prince. It has been estimated by numerous media that the death toll could reach 200,000.
( Adapted from www.wikipedia.org)
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